Archaeological discoveries attest traces of civilization in Maramures depression since Upper Paleolithic (35.000-10.000 IHR). Such testimonies have survived at Sighetu Marmatiei, Costiui, Oncesti, Barsana, Giulesti, Cornesti. During Burebista, Maramures was part of Dacia. After Dacia was conquered by the Romans, Maramures area remained to the free Dacians.
The first written document referring to Maramures is the Diploma issued in 1199 by the Office of Hungarian King Emeric the first, who was saved from the death by Prince Laurentiu, while he was hunting in the forests of Maramures.